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Understanding New Color Canaries

Updated: Jan 19

A special thanks to Antonio Javier Sanz, Enzo Del Pozzo, Mattia Fosco, Miguel Angel Parra Vidal, Leonardo Soleo, Carlo Maria Nobili, Gianluca Frezza, Riccardo Courrier and Giorgio Sacripanti


New Color Mutations


When it comes to new color mutations in Melanics, the judgment may change since each new color mutation takes on a different form from it's original due to modifications in the melanin's design. It is completely opposite from the new color Lipochromes. Some new color mutations are for certain mutations and some are exclusive to only one of the classic mutation since the other classic mutations cannot produce the same effect.


Pastel


Effect: Dilution of eumelanic pigments


Genotype: rz/rz or rz/0



Black Pastel


Heritage: Black, Oxidized, Sex Linked


Effect: Dilution of eumelanic pigments change Black into Anthracite Gray


Primary Feathers- Black eumelanin concentrated on outer edge and scatters inside.

Coverts and Tiertiary Feathers- Black eumelanin concentrates on inner zone and disperse outer.

Head- Feather centers must be concentrated with eumelanin and scattered towards edges of feather

Dorsal- Stretch marks formed by contrast in between concentrated and disperse.


White Black Pastel

By Breeder Carlo Maria Nobili


Brown Pastel


Heritage: Brown, Oxidized, Sex Linked


Effect: Dilution of eumelanic pigments change from Brown to Dense oxidized Brown. The balance between brown eumelanin and pheomelanin makes the design on the back disappear. Long feathers have dark marks


Yellow Brown Pastel Mosaic Hen



Non Intensive Red Brown Pastel


Agate Pastel


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Sex Linked


Effect: Dilution made the black color turn into an Iron Gray tone. Stretch marks are found on head, wings and flanks. Dispersed melanins have minimal expression.


Intensive Yellow Agate Pastel



Non Intensive Yellow Agate Pastel



Non Intensive Red Agate Pastel



Red Agate Pastel Mosaic Male



Isabel Pastel


Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Sex Linked


Effect: Slight presence and low quality of eumelanin and pheomelanin which changes

Light Beige color into a very Light Beige color that is visible on long feathers. Just like brown there is no design.

Dominant White Isabel Pastel



Yellow Isabel Pastel Mosaic Hen



Greywing


Heritage: Black Mutation Only, Sex Linked


Effect: No striations design it is now ocellated. Black colors turns into a Pearl Gray hue. There is concentrated melanin and the edge of the feather with long feathers being slightly darker gray than back design. Long feathers should show a strong contrast between the dark edges and pearl gray mid area. (A further dilution of black pastel)


Genotype: ag/ag

White Black Greywing



Red Black Greywing Mosaic

By Breeder Leonardo Soleo



Yellow Black Greywing Mosaic



Opal


Effect: Causes Inversion of melanic pigments. They are Deposited at the lower layer of feathers. Alters tonality to an opalescence giving a bluish hue due to an optical effect of light refraction.

Wing/Tail Feathers- shows most opalescence plumage concentrates on inner zone of feather and disperses outward.


Genotype: so/so


Black Opal



Heritage: Black, Oxidized, Recessive


Effect: Black changes to Dark bluish gray tone.


Yellow Black Opal Mosaic Male



Red Black Opal Mosaic Male



White Black Opal



Brown Opal


Heritage: Brown, Oxidized, Recessive


Effect: Brown changes to a light bluish gray tone.


Yellow Brown Opal Mosaic Hen



Red Brown Opal Mosaic Male



Agate Opal


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Recessive


Effect: Black changes to bluish gray



Intensive Yellow Agate Opal



Non Intensive Yellow Agate Opal



Intensive Red Agate Opal



Non Intensive Red Agate Opal



Intensive Red Ivory Agate Opal



Recessive White Agate Opal



Red Agate Opal Mosaic Male



Red Agate Opal Mosaic Hen



Isabel Opal


Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Recessive


Effect: Light Beige color changes to Pearl Gray.

Intensive and Non Intensive Yellow Isabel Opal



Recessive White Isabel Opal


Yellow Isabel Opal Mosaic Male



Red Isabel Opal Mosaic Hen



Phaeo Heritage: Brown, Oxidized, Recessive

Effect: Only pheomelanin is present which is a dark brown hue. Not striations but have ocellated design. Delimit central melanin deprived areas. Eyes are Red. Spangled Effect must have pheomelanin on the edges.

Intensive Yellow Phaeo



Intensive Red Phaeo



Non Intensive Red Phaeo



Red Phaeo Mosaic Male



Red Ivory Phaeo Mosaic Male


White Phaeo


Satine Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Recessive

Effect: Light Beige color changes to Reddish Beige. Inhibition of black and pheomelanin but dilutes brown eumelanin.


Intensive Yellow Satine



Non Intensive Yellow Satine



Intensive Yellow Ivory Satine



Intensive Red Ivory Satine



Non Intensive Red Ivory Satine



White Satine



Yellow Satine Mosaic Hen


Yellow Satine Mosaic Pair



Red Satine Mosaic Hen (Male Line)



Topaz 


Effect: Causes centralization of melanin which mainly effects the areas of Dispersion and Corneal Parts. In return this gives more contrast to the background color. 


                          Black Topaz 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Changes Black into Dark Chocolate tone. Corneal Parts lightly melanized. Dark Red Eyes 


  Intensive Red Black Topaz



Non Intensive Red Black Topaz



Red Black Topaz Mosaic Hen

By Breeder Fosco Mattia


                          Brown Topaz 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Brown changes to Dark Brown. Red Eyes


Intensive Yellow Brown Topaz

By Breeder Riccardo Courrier


Yellow Brown Topaz Mosaic

By Breeder Giorgio Sacripanti



                          Agate Topaz 


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Recessive 


Effect: Black turns into Sepia Black. Clear rachis and edges of long feathers. Red Eyes 


Intensive Yellow Agate Topaz



Intensive Red Agate Topaz



Red Agate Topaz Mosaic Hen



Recessive White Agate Topaz



Yellow Agate Topaz Mosaic Pair Hen Line



                        Isabel Topaz 


Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Recessive 


Effect: Light Beige turns into Light Hazel. Clear rachis and edges of long feathers. Red Eyes.


Intensive Yellow Isabel Topaz

By Breeder Riccardo Courrier


Non Intensive Yellow Isabel Topaz

By Breeder Riccardo Courrier



Non Intensive Red Isabel Topaz



Yellow Isabel Topaz Mosaic Male



Red Isabel Topaz Mosaic Hen



  Eumo 


Effect: Causes Dilution of melanin which strongly affects Dispersion areas and Corneal Parts. Slightly reduced design from Classic. 


                          Black Eumo 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effects: Black turns into Anthracite Gray hue with dark red eyes 


Non Intensive Yellow Black Eumo



                          Brown Eumo 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Brown turns into Hazelnut Brown with dark red eyes 


Intensive Yellow Brown Eumo



Intensive Red Brown Eumo



White Brown Eumo



Yellow Brown Eumo Mosaic Male



Red Brown Eumo Mosaic Hen



                        Agate Eumo 


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Recessive 


Effect: Changes Black into Gray Tonality with bright red eyes


Intensive Yellow Agate Eumo



Intensive Red Agate Eumo



Red Agate Eumo Mosaic Male



Red Agate Eumo Mosaic Hen



Dominant White Agate Eumo



                                Cobalt 


Effect: Causes eumelanization in areas lacking pigmentation in a dispersed way. Lacks clarification. Spreads all over body including chest and belly. 


                        Black Cobalt 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Dispigmented zones turn from White to Black tones 


Intensive Red Black Cobalt



Dominant White Black Cobalt



                      Brown Cobalt 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Depigmented zones turn from White to Brown tones 


Intensive Yellow Brown Cobalt



                        Agate Cobalt 


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Recessive


Effect: Depigmented zones turn from White to Gray tones 


Intensive Yellow Agate Cobalt



Non Intensive Yellow Agate Cobalt



Intensive Red Agate Cobalt



Non Intensive Red Agate Cobalt



Dominant White Agate Cobalt



Red Agate Cobalt Mosaic Male



                      Isabel Cobalt 


Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Recessive 


Effect: Depigmented zones turn from White to Light Beige tones


Intensive Yellow Isabel Cobalt



Non Intensive Yellow Isabel Cobalt



Intensive Red Isabel Cobalt



Non Intensive Red Isabel Cobalt



Red Isabel Cobalt Mosaic Male



Onyx 


Effect: Causes Dispersion of concentrated melanin. Less shiny than the classic with a sooty effect. Long feathers usually lighter than classic. Loses sharpness and contrast. Well design stretch marks. 


                            Black Onyx 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Black turns into Dark Sooty Gray 


Red Black Onyx Mosaic Male



 Yellow Black Onyx Mosaic Hen



                            Brown Onyx 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Brown turns into Matte Brown 


Intensive Yellow Brown Onyx



Non Intensive Red Brown Onyx



                            Agate Onyx 


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Recessive 


Effect: Black turns into Dark Gray with a pale ash background with little soot effect. 


Red Agate Onyx Mosaic Male



Jaspe Simple Dilution 


Effect: Simple Dilution causes a Dilution of concentrated melanins which strongly affects the design tone.  Alters tonality to be lighter. Between dark areas there is a lighter gray. Design must be striated not ocellated. Long and wide stretch marks. 


                        Black Jaspe SD 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Semi Dominant 


Effect: Black turns into a Light Bluish Gray tone. Very Dark Gray hue in rachis and outline 


White Black Jaspe SD



Yellow Black Jaspe SD Mosaic Hen



Red Black Jaspe SD Mosaic Male



  Brown Jaspe SD 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Semi Dominant 


Effect: Grayish Brown hue in rachis and outline. 


Red Ivory Brown Jaspe SD Mosaic Hen



Yellow Brown Jaspe SD Mosaic Male



 Yellow Brown Jaspe SD Mosaic Hen



                          Agate Jaspe SD 


Heritage: Black, Diluted, Semi Dominant 


Effect: Dark Gray in rachis and outline 


Dominant White Agate Jaspe SD



Red Agate Jaspe SD Mosaic Male



Red Agate Jaspe SD Mosaic Hen



                        Isabel Jaspe SD 


Heritage: Brown, Diluted, Semi Dominant 


Effect: Bluish gray Hazel tone in rachis and outline


Intensive Yellow Isabel Jaspe SD



Yellow Isabel Jaspe SD Mosaics



Mogno 


Effect: Causes an inversion of melanins with more oxidation and less opalescence, similar to Opal. Must avoid melanin disperse and bluish tones. 


                              Black Mogno 


Heritage: Black, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Black turns into a (Metal Gun) Lead Gray hue. 


Intensive Yellow Black Mogno

By Breeder Miguel Angel Parra Vidal



Red Black Mogno Mosaic Male

By Breeder Miguel Angel Parra Vidal



Red Black Mogno Mosaic Hen

By Breeder Miguel Angel Parra Vidal



                          Brown Mogno 


Heritage: Brown, Oxidated, Recessive 


Effect: Brown turns into a Grayish Brown hue


Intensive Yellow Brown Mogno

By Breeder Miguel Angel Parra Vidal



Non Intensive Yellow Brown Mogno

By Breeder Miguel Angel Parra Vidal



Non Intensive Yellow Ivory Brown Mogno



White Brown Mogno



Black Pearl


Heritage: Blacked, Oxidated, Recessive


Effect: Black turns into Gray Pearl except wing and tail feathers have a darker tone on the tips. All striations and markings almost gone but you can still see the melanin being dispersed in the ground color in between the striations. The beak and legs are melanized and their underflue is gray. At the time they are born they have blue eyes.


White Black Pearl


Intensive Red Black Pearl



Red Black Pearl Mosaic Male



Red Black Pearl Mosaic Hen





To have a better understanding read "New Colours Colour Canaries in the 21st Century" and "New Colours (II) Colour Canaries in the 21st Century by Antonio Javier Sanz. Books come bilingual (English/Spanish). Note: Part 1 Mutations covered are Pastel, Grey Wing, Opal, Phaeo and Satinet. Part 2 Mutations covered are Topaz, Eumo, Cobalt, Onyx, Jaspe, Mogno, Pearl and Mulato.







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